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Governance Of Blockchain Systems
File Type: Document, Infographic
https://www.blockchainresearchinstitute.org/project/governance-of-blockchain-systems/
Jun 27, 2018 - Decentralization, hashing functions, public key cryptography, and smart contracts are advantageous design features of blockchain systems. These require the coordination of multiple and diverse actors with differing incentives—cryptoeconomics—to solve any problems that arise. This research examines the impact of governance on these systems. Specifically, it explores governance needs at three levels of the blockchain stack: the Internet layer, the blockchain layer, and the application layer, including the deployment of decentralized applications (Dapps). De Filippi and McMullen explain the difference between governance by the infrastructure...
Blockchain Identity Services
File Type: Document, Infographic
https://www.blockchainresearchinstitute.org/project/blockchain-identity-services/
Jul 31, 2019 - This project examines how blockchain supports user centric identity systems, through such technological primitives as public key cryptography, hashing functions, zero-knowledge proofs, and homomorphic encryption. Its authors set nine benchmarks—technical specifications, governance, security, privacy, recovery and revocation, user experience, data controls, and degrees of decentralization and self-sovereignty—by which prospective users and ecosystem partners might assess different identity services and compare them to each other and the status quo. The purpose is to help users map their goals to the technical features necessary for achievi...
New Directions for Government In the Second Era of the Digital Age
File Type: Document, Infographic
https://www.blockchainresearchinstitute.org/project/new-directions-for-government-in-the-second-era-of-the-digital-age/
Feb 09, 2021 - This research project surveys what federal governments can do to exploit the next era of technology across their operations, within their economies and society, and with their allies and global partners. It focuses on the threats and opportunities facing the United States—including China’s increasing dominance in global supply chains and strategic innovation. It also speaks to challenges the new administration faces, and recommends five areas for immediate action: securing digital systems, citizen identities, and personal data; embracing cryptocurrencies and launching a digital dollar; transforming government services and culture; engagin...
The Coming Cataclysm
File Type: Document, Infographic
https://www.blockchainresearchinstitute.org/project/the-coming-cataclysm/
Sep 30, 2019 - This research explores the disruptive effects of blockchain technologies on central banking and the financial services industry. Its author discusses Facebook’s proposed cryptocurrency Libra, and how the other FAANG companies—that is, Amazon.com, Apple, Netflix, and Google—might respond with their own digital tokens. He introduces five transformations—cryptoassets, the tokenization of everything, blockchains as state machines, a new model for identity, and the nine forms of decentralized finance. He examines the challenges that incumbents and innovators face during this transition; and he previews the world of financial services in th...
Decentralized Resource Governance
File Type: Document
https://www.blockchainresearchinstitute.org/project/decentralized-resource-governance/
Jun 24, 2022 - This research brief summarizes the findings of a substantial research project funded by Input Output (IO) and focused on discovering new approaches to the governance of resources in blockchain ecosystems. The team was substantial, with two dozen researchers from IO, the Boston Consulting Group, and the Blockchain Research Institute. The process was iterative, with write-ups, peer reviews, and discussions of research results and feedback. Based on its findings, the research team proposed a new form of stewardship, called the decentralized resource governance (DRG) model. It is a means of governing initiatives to deploy resources, shap...
Non-Fungible Tokens
File Type: Document, Infographic
https://www.blockchainresearchinstitute.org/project/non-fungible-tokens/
Aug 30, 2019 - This project explores a type of cryptoasset, the non-fungible token (NFT), or what we call the crypto collectible. It explains the concept of the NFT and illustrates how it works through the best-known NFTs, CryptoKitties, a phenomenon of an asset within the Ethereum-based CryptoKitties game. It revealed how businesses might create and use digitally unique and scarce assets beyond cryptocurrencies in their business models. The project also covers the online gaming market—both packaged software and downloadable content—and describes how companies might tokenize their intangible and physical assets.
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